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Heart failure does not mean that heart has stopped working, rather it means that heart works less efficiently than normal. Due to some causes the blood moves through the heart and then body at a slower rate by increasing the pressure in the heart. As a result, the heart cannot pump enough oxygen and nutrients to the body parts as per the needs and requirements.
The chambers of the heart may respond by stretching to hold more blood to pump through the body or by becoming stiff and thickened. This helps to keep the blood moving, but the heart muscle walls may eventually get weaken and become unable to pump as efficiently. As a result, the kidneys causes the body to retain fluid (water) and salt. If fluid builds up in the arms, legs, ankles, feet, lungs, or other organs, the body becomes congested, and congestive heart failure is the term used to describe the condition.
\r\n Hypertension ,commonly called as high blood pressure, which can also be a major medical review. Hypertension does not usually show any symptoms, and even not diagnosed in the early stages. It is one of the important cause of heart attack, stroke, kidney disease, and other serious medical problems.\r\n
\r\n As it is so common and consequential, it is important for everyone to have their blood pressure checked periodically. The blood pressure that is higher than the desirable range, but not high enough to be labelled hypertension which would be 120/80mmhg given as Prehypertension.\r\n
\r\n Heart disease outlines various conditions which can be affected to the heart . Diseases under the heart include blood vessel diseases, such as coronary artery disease; heart defects you're born with (congenital heart defects), among others.\r\n
\r\n The term "heart disease" is often used interchangeably with the term "cardiovascular disease." Cardiovascular disease generally refers to conditions involving the blocked, narrowed blood vessels that leads to a heart attack, stroke & chest pain (angina). Other heart conditions, such as those that affect your heart's muscle also are considered as the heart diseases.\r\n
\r\n Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a condition in which the function of heart is inadequate to meet the body's needs.The pumping efficiency of heart can be impaired through many diseases by causing the congestive heart failure.\r\n
\r\n The diagnosis test of CHF is based on knowledge of the selected laboratory tests , individual's medical history and a careful physical examination.The treatment of congestive heart failure includes mechanical therapies, addressing potentially reversible factors, medications, heart transplant and lifestyle modifications.The duration of CHF can be variable in any given patient.\r\n
\r\n The symptoms of congestive heart failure includes:\r\n
- \r\n Fatigue \r\n
- \r\n Diminished exercise capacity \r\n
- \r\n Shortness of breath \r\n
- \r\n Swelling (edema). \r\n
\r\n Cardiac surgery is generally performed on heart or great vessels . Frequently, it is done to treat The complications of ischemic heart disease, correct congenital heart disease, or treat Valvular heart disease from various causes including endocarditis, rheumatic heart disease and atherosclerosis are generally treated by this method.. The procedures implemented in cardiac surgery are: Aortic Aneurysms & Dissections, Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting, Left Ventricular Assist Device and Heart Transplantation, Mitral Valve Surgery and Open-Heart Surgery etc.\r\n
Obesity raises the risk for heart disease and stroke. But it harms more than just the heart and blood vessel system. It is also a major reason of gallstones, osteoarthritis and respiratory problems. Obesity is closely intertwined with numerous health conditions that underlie cardiovascular disease with high blood pressure, diabetes, and irregular blood cholesterol. In addition, weight increase is a frequent result of heart-damaging lifestyle choices such as deficiency of exercise and a fat-laden diet. Obesity also can lead to heart failure. This is a serious situation in which your heart can't pump enough blood to encounter your body's needs. Having diabetes or pre diabetes puts one at increased risk for heart disease and stroke. One can decreased its risk by possession the blood glucose (also called blood sugar), blood pressure, and blood cholesterol close to the recommended target numbers—the levels suggested by diabetes experts for good health. Stroke and coronary heart disease can be caused by the same problem – atherosclerosis
\r\n Molecular cardiology is a new, fast-growing area of cardiovascular medicine that aims to apply molecular biology techniques for the diagnosis, treatment and prevention, mechanistic investigation of cardiovascular disease. As it is an emerging, it has changed the conceptual thinking of cardiovascular development, pathophysiology and etiology of disease.\r\n
\r\n Although molecular cardiology at a very early stage, has opened a promising avenue for controlling & understanding the cardiovascular disease.\r\n
Open heart surgery is any kind of surgery where the chest is cut open and surgery is done on the muscles, valves, or arteries of the heart. is common type of which is done on adults. During this type of surgery, a healthy artery/ vein is grafted to a blocked coronary artery. This permits the grafted artery to bypass the blocked artery & bring fresh blood to the heart. Open-heart surgery is also termed as traditional heart surgery. Now days many new heart techniques can be performed with only small incisions, not wide openings.
\r\n Echocardiography, also called an echo test or heart ultrasound, is a test that takes “moving pictures” of the heart with sound waves. It’s not surgery. Echocardiography uses standard two-dimensional, three-dimensional, and Doppler ultrasound to create images of the heart. It is one of the most widely used diagnostic tests in cardiology. It can provide a wealth of helpful information, including the size and shape of the heart (internal chamber size quantification), pumping capacity, and the location and extent of any tissue damage. Echocardiography can help to detect cardiomyopathies, such as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, dilated cardiomyopathy, and many others.\r\n
\r\n Cardiovascular imaging is a central aspect of Cardiology. Cardiovascular imaging is the action or process of producing an image especially of a part of the body (Heart) by radiographic techniques. It interprets cross sectional imaging studies of the heart and vascular system. Standard imaging tests include echocardiography (Echocardiography), chest x-ray, CT, MRI, and various radionuclide techniques (Radionuclide Imaging). ‘Conference series LLC Ltd teams with CED, a Joint Accreditation Provider, as Joint Providers of CME Credits for the Cardiology Meetings consisting of physicians, cardiologists, cardiac surgeons, scientists, professors and young researchers\r\n
<span rgb(51,="" 51,="" 51);="" font-family:="" "roboto="" slab",="" serif;="" font-size:="" 13px;="" font-style:="" normal;="" font-variant-ligatures:="" font-variant-caps:="" font-weight:="" 400;="" letter-spacing:="" orphans:="" 2;="" text-align:="" start;="" text-indent:="" 0px;="" text-transform:="" none;="" white-space:="" widows:="" word-spacing:="" -webkit-text-stroke-width:="" background-color:="" rgb(255,="" 255,="" 255);="" text-decoration-style:="" initial;="" text-decoration-color:="" display:="" inline="" !important;="" float:="" none;\"="">Cardiac dysrhythmia which is another name of cardiac arrhythmia, is a group of situations in which the heartbeat is uneven, too fast, or too slow, most cases are harmless, mainly there are of four types of arrhythmia: extra beats, supraventricular tachycardias, ventricular arrhythmias, and bradyarrhythmias. but some arrhythmias are extremely dangerous and require treatment and management, most of them have felt their heart beat very fast, felt a "wiggling" in their chest or thought that their heart was "leaping a beat." These can be symptoms of arrhythmia, or irregular heartbeat. Women who have paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, a type of atrial fibrillation that is intermittent (or comes and goes), may have a faster heart rate response than men, and tend to have longer episodes. Sudden cardiac death is a sudden, unexpected death caused by loss of heart function. Heart rate which is too fast above 100 beats per minute in adults is known as tachycardia and if it is below 60 beats per minute – is known as bradycardia and it may be caused by many different factors, including: Coronary artery disease, electrolyte imbalances in your blood (such as sodium or potassium). Changes in your heart muscle. Men Baseline Heart Rate on average is slower compared to women and this kind of differences is seen in girls, on an average, as young as five years old. There is also a shorter sinus node refractory time – this means that it takes a shorter time for the SA node to recover and become ready to fire an impulse again and also women with diabetes have higher CVD mortality rates than men with diabetes.
\r\n Critical cardiac care (CIC) which is also known as coronary care unit (CCU) is a hospital ward specialized in the care of patients with heart attacks, unstable angina, cardiac dysrhythmia and (in practice) various other cardiac conditions that require continuous monitoring and treatment or first aid treatment till the doctor comes. There are also units available in the hospitals to take care of the emergency situation. The Cardiac intensive care unit (CICU) is a specialized ICU dealing with cardiac patients and is usually staffed by cardiologists. It offers critical care staff especially trained in acute coronary syndromes and has additional technology such as intra-aortic balloon pumps, etc.\r\n
- \r\n Cardiopulmonary resuscitation \r\n
- \r\n Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) \r\n
- \r\n Clot busting medicine \r\n
- \r\n Oxygen therapy \r\n
- \r\n Emergency medicines \r\n
\r\n The objective of the Sports medical specialty is to figure with the athletes on the spectrum competitive exercisers, skilled athletes to weekend warriors to assist them reach these goals.\r\n
\r\n Sudden cardiopulmonary arrest (SCA) is that the one amongst the most reasons of death in exertion young athletes, and is mostly set out by issues like structural heart disorders or electrical electronic equipment problems that aren't usually found throughout routine physical examinations.\r\n
\r\n Most of the conditions that cause sudden viscous death in young athletes are determined by Associate in Nursing ECG (ECG or EKG), a non-invasive check that calculates the electrical activity of the heart\r\n
\r\n <span style="\"color:" rgb(51,="" 51,="" 51);="" font-family:="" "roboto="" slab",="" serif;="" font-size:="" 13px;="" font-style:="" normal;="" font-variant-ligatures:="" font-variant-caps:="" font-weight:="" 400;="" letter-spacing:="" orphans:="" 2;="" text-align:="" start;="" text-indent:="" 0px;="" text-transform:="" none;="" white-space:="" widows:="" word-spacing:="" -webkit-text-stroke-width:="" background-color:="" rgb(255,="" 255,="" 255);="" text-decoration-style:="" initial;="" text-decoration-color:="" display:="" inline="" !important;="" float:="" none;\"="">Heart Devices are electronic devices that help circulate a heart that is used too partially or completely to replace the function of a failing heart. The development of these wireless heart monitors marks a new era in medicine and the transition from healthcare to population levels to personalized medicine where appropriate patients are equipped with advanced biosensors which in turn have their data processed by sophisticated prediction algorithms will happen. Pacemakers, defibrillators, biosensors are cardiac devices used to treat heart disease.
\r\n Cardiac Nursing has a place with that works with patients who experience the ill effects of different states of the cardiovascular framework. Under the supervision of a cardiologist a cardiac nurse caretaker cures those conditions like unsteady angina, congestive heart disappointment, myocardial dead tissue cardiomyopathy, coronary course sickness and heart dysrhythmia. Cardiac medical nurse are prepared for various practice range, working operation theaters, cardiovascular recovery focuses, cardiovascular consideration focus clinical exploration, including coronary consideration units, heart catheterization, serious patient consideration units , cardiovascular surgery wards, cardiovascular concentrated consideration units and cardiovascular restorative wards
Cardiovascular Pharmacology deals with the study of the effects of drugs upon the heart or circulatory system. It mainly contributes to the safety profile of potential new drugs and provides pharmacological data that can be used for optimization of further compounds and the ultimate selection of compounds suitable for clinical development. The cardiac drugs affect the function of the heart in three main ways. They can affect the force of contraction of the heart muscle (inotropic effects), they can affect the frequency of the heart beat or heart rate (chronotropic effects) or they can affect the regularity of the heart beat (rhythmic effects). Drugs can also affect blood vessels by altering the state of compression of the smooth muscle in the vessel wall, altering its diameter and accordingly directing the volume of blood stream. Such medications are classified as vasoconstrictors or vasodilators depending on the smooth muscle lining contraction and relaxation respectively.